Publications - Dr. Van Deelen

Tim Van Deelen

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Peer reviewed or peer edited, * = Graduate student research

  • Olson, L.O.*, T.R. Van Deelen, J.D.J. Clare, and M.L. Allen. 2020. Proximity to established populations explains moose (Alces alces) occurrence in northern Wisconsin. The American Midland Naturalist 183:24-37.
  • Allen, M.L., R.E. Harris, L.O. Olson*, E.R. Olson, J. Van Stappen, and T.R. Van Deelen. 2019. Resource limitations and competitive interactions affect carnivore community composition at different ecological scales in a temperate island system. Mammalia 83:552-561.
  • Olson, E.R., T.R. Van Deelen, A.P. Wydeven, D.B. Ruid, D.M. MacFarland, and S.J. Ventura. 2019. A landscape of overlapping risks for wolf-human conflict in Wisconsin, USA. Journal of Environmental Management 248:109307.
  • Allen, M.L., N.M. Roberts, M.J. Farmer*, and T.R. Van Deelen2019. Decreasing available bobcat tags appear to have increased success, interest, and participation among hunters. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 24:349-362.
  • Doyle, J.C., D.W. Sample, L. Long, and T.R. Van Deelen. 2019. Space use and habitat selection of american badgers (Taxidea taxus) in southwestern Wisconsin. The American Midland Naturalist 182:63-74.
  • Allen, M.L., N.M. Roberts, A.S. Norton, and T.R. Van Deelen. 2019. Estimation of black bear abundance by management zone in Wisconsin. arXiv preprint arXiv:1905.08912
  • Crimmins, S.M., and T.R. Van Deelen. 2019. Limited evidence for mesocarnivore release following wolf recovery in Wisconsin, USA. Wildlife Biology 1:1-7.
  • Clare, J.D.J., P.A. Townsend, C. Anhalt-Depies, C. Locke, J.L. Stenglein, S. Frett, K.J. Martin, A. Singh, T.R. Van Deelen, and B. Zuckerberg. 2019. Making inference with messy (citizen science) data: when are data accurate enough and how can they be improved? Ecological applications 29:e01849.
  • Olsen, E.R., T.R. Van Deelen, and S.J. Ventura. 2019. Variation in anti-predator behaviors of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in a multi-predator system. Canadian Journal of Zoology 97:1030-1041.
  • Wheeler, M.E., J.A. Barzen, S.M. Crimmins, and T.R. Van Deelen. 2019. Effects of territorial status and life history on Sandhill Crane (Antigone canadensis) population dynamics in south-central Wisconsin, USA. Canadian Journal of Zoology 97:112-120.
  • Allen, M.L., M.J. Farmer*, J.D.J. Clare, E.R. Olsen, J. Van Stappen, and T.R. Van Deelen. 2018. Is there anybody out there? Occupancy of the carnivore guild in a temperate archipelago. Community Ecology 19:272-280.
  • Allen, M.L., N.M. Roberts, and T.R. Van Deelen. 2018. Age-at-harvest models as monitoring and harvest management tools for Wisconsin carnivores. arXiv preprint arXiv:1811.06417.
  • Allen, M.L., N.M. Roberts, and T.R. Van Deelen. 2018. Hunter selection for larger and older male bobcats affects annual harvest demography. Royal Society open science 5:180668.
  • Allen, M.L., A.S. Norton, G. Stauffer, N.M. Roberts, Y. Luo, Q. Li, D. MacFarland, and T.R. Van Deelen. 2018. A bayesian state-space model using age-at-harvest data for estimating the population of black bears (Ursus americanus) in Wisconsin. Scientific reports 8:1-12.
  • J.L. Stenglein, A.P. Wydeven, and T.R. Van Deelen. 2018. Compensatory mortality in a recovering top carnivore: wolves in Wisconsin, USA (1979-2013). Oecologia 187:99-11.
  • Allen, M.L., B. Wojcik*, B.E. Evans*, E.E. Ielh*, R.E. Barker, M.F. Wheeler, B.E. Peterson, R.L. Dohm, M.A. Mueller, L.O. Olson*, B. Ederer, M. Stewart, S. Crimmins, K. Pemble, J. Van Stappen, E. Olson, and T.R. Van Deelen. 2018. Detection of endangered American martens (Martes americana) in Apostle Islands National Lakeshore, Wisconsin. The American Naturalist 179:294-298.
  • Walsh, D.P., A.S. Norton, D.J. Storm, T.R. Van Deelen, and D.M. Heisey. 2018. Using expert knowledge to incorporate uncertainty in cause-of-death assignments for modeling of cause-specific mortality. Ecology and Evolution 8:509-520.
  • Olsen, E.R., S.M. Crimmins, D.E. Beyer Jr., D.R. MacNulty, B.R. Patterson, B.A. Rudolph, A.P. Wydeven, and T.R. Van Deelen. 2017. Flawed analysis and unconvincing interpretation: a comment on Chapron and Treves 2016. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 284:20170273.
  • Peterson, B.E., D.J. Storm, A.S. Norton, and T.R. Van Deelen. 2017. Landscape influence on dispersal of yearling male white-tailed deer. The Journal of Wildlife Management 81:1449-1456.
  • Warbington, C.H., T.R. Van Deelen, A.S. Norton, J.L. Stenglein, D.J. Storm, and K.J. Martin. 2017. Cause-specific neonatal mortality of white-tailed deer in Wisconsin, USA. The Journal of Wildlife Management 81: 824-833.
  • Allen, M.L., B.E. Evans*, M.E. Wheeler, M.A. Mueller, K. Pemble, E.R. Olson, J. Van Stappen, and T.R. Van Deelen. 2017. Survey techniques, detection probabilities, and the relative abundance of the carnivore guild on the Apostle Islands (2014-2016). arXiv preprint arXiv:1703.10726.
  • Allen, M.L., B. Kohn, N.M. Roberts, S.W. Crimmins, and T.R. Van Deelen. 2017. Benefits and drawbacks of determining reproductive histories for black bears (Ursus americanus) from cementum annuli techniques. Canadian Journal of Zoology 95: 991-995.
  • Norton, A.S., D.J. Storm, M.A. Watt, C.N. Jacques, K. Martin, and T.R. Van Deelen. 2016. Left truncation criteria for survival analysis of white-tailed deer. Journal of Wildlife Management 80:1323-1331.
  • Liu, B., L. Chen, R. Li, X. He, T.R. Van Deelen, and H.N.F. Zoo. 2016. Effects of tourist numbers on the behavior of captive wolves. Chinese Journal of Ecology 3:26.
  • Stenglein, J.L.*, and T.R. Van Deelen. 2016. Demographic and component Allee effects in southern Lake Superior gray wolves. PLoS One 11:e0150535
  • Olson*, E. R., T. R. Van Deelen, A. P. Wydeven, S. J. Ventura, and D. M. MacFarland. 2015. Characterizing wolf-human conflicts in Wisconsin, USA. Wildlife Society Bulletin 39:676-688.
  • Olson*, E. R., J. L. Stenglein*, V. Shelley, A. R. Rissman, C. Brownie-Nunez, Z. Voyles, A. P. Wydeven, and T. R. Van Deelen. 2015. Pendulum swings in wolf management led to conflict, illegal kills, and a legislated wolf hunt. Conservation Letters 8:351-360.
  • Stenglein*, J. L., T. R. Van Deelen, A. P. Wydeven, D. J. Mladenoff, J. E. Wiedenhoeft, N. K. Businga, J. A. Langenberg, N. J. Thomas, and D. M. Heisey. 2015. Mortality patterns and detection bias from carcass data: An example from wolf recovery in Wisconsin. Journal of Wildlife Management 79:1173-1184.
  • Dubay, S., C. Jacques, N. Golden, B. Kern, K. Mahoney, A. Norton*, D. Patnavak, and T. Van Deelen. 2015. Environmental factors influencing white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) exposure in livestock pathogens in Wisconsin. PLoS One 10:e128827.
  • Stenglein*, J. L., J. H. Gilbert, A. P. Wydeven, and T. R. Van Deelen. 2015.  An individual-based model for southern Lake Superior wolves: a tool to explore the effect of human-caused mortality on a landscape of risk. Ecological Modeling 302:13-24.
  • Stenglein*, J. L., J. Zhu, M. K. Clayton, and T. R. Van Deelen. 2015. Are the numbers adding up? Exploiting discrepancies among complementary population models. Ecology and Evolution 5:368-376.
  • Malcolm*, K. D., W. J. McShea, D. L. Garshelis, S-J Luo, T. R. Van Deelen, F. Liu, S. Li, L. Miao, D. Wang, and J. L. Brown. 2014. Increased stress in Asiatic black bears relates to food limitation, crop raiding, and foraging beyond reserve boundaries in China. Global Ecology and Conservation 2:267-276.
  • Anhalt*, C. M., T. R. Van Deelen, R. N. Schultz, and A. P. Wydeven. 2014. Effectiveness of a simulated pack to manipulate wolf movements. Human-Wildlife Interactions 8: 210-217.
  • Storm, D. J., M. D. Samuel, R. E. Rolley, T. Beissel, B. J. Richards, and T. R. Van Deelen. 2014. Estimating ages of white-tailed deer: age and sex patterns of error using tooth wear-and-replacement and consistency of cementum annuli.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 38:849-856.
  • Hygnstrom, S., D. Drake, T. Van Deelen, and S. Vantassel. 2014. Managing overabundant white-tailed deer: is it time to consider regulated commercial harvest?  Outlooks on Pest Management 25:11-16.
  • Berkley*, E. A., S. D. Peckham, H. Sampath, J. Bodewes, J. M. Ntambi, and T. R. Van Deelen. 2014. Ingestion of fat tissue from wolf prey species and its influences on fatty acid composition in sled dogs.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 38: 51-59.
  • Malcolm*, K. D., W. J. McShea, T. R. Van Deelen, H. J. Bacon, F. Liu, S. Putnam, X. Zhu, and J. L. Brown. 2013. Analysis of fecal and hair glucocorticoids to evaluate short- and long-term stress and recovery of Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus) removed from bile farms in China. General and Comparative Endocrinology 185:97-106.
  • Bartnick*, T. D., T. R. Van Deelen, H. B. Quigley, and D. Craighead. 2013. Variation in cougar (Puma concolor) predation habits during wolf (Canis lupus) recovery in the southern Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Canadian Journal of Zoology 91:82-93. (CJZ’z Most read paper for 2013)
  • Magle, S. B., M. T. Samuel, T. R. Van Deelen, S. J. Robinson, and N. E. Mathews. 2013. Evaluating spatial overlap and relatedness of white-tailed deer in a chronic wasting disease management zone. PLOS ONE. 8 (2): e56568.
  • Storm, D. J., M. D. Samuel, R. E. Rolley, P. Shelton, N. Keuler, B. J. Richards, and T. R. Van Deelen. 2013. Deer density and disease prevalence influence transmission of chronic wasting disease in white-tailed deer. Ecosphere 4:10.
  • Robinson, S., R. Walrath*, T. R. Van Deelen, and K. VerCauteren. 2012. Genetic measures confirm familial relationships and strengthen study design.  The Wildlife Society Bulletin 36:609-6145.
  • Rittenhouse, T. A. G., D. M. MacFarland, K. J. Martin, and T. R. Van Deelen. 2012. Downed wood associated with roundwood harvest, whole-tree harvest and unharvested stands of aspen in Wisconsin. Forest Ecology and Management 266:239-245.
  • Steinhoff*, S. G., T. R. Van Deelen, K. J. Martin, D. M. MacFarland, and K. R. Witkowski. 2012. Nesting patterns of southern flying squirrels in managed northern hardwoods. Journal of Mammalogy . 93: 532-539.
  • Heske, E. J., T. W. Rodgers, and T. R. Van Deelen. 2011. Detection bias in noninvasive track surveys of mammalian predators in Illinois. Transactions of the Illinois Academy of Science 104:137-145.
  • Storm, D. J., M. D. Samuel, T. R. Van Deelen, K. D. Malcolm, N. A. Frost, D. P. Bates, and B. J. Richards. 2011. Comparison of visual-based helicopter and fixed-wing forward-looking infrared surveys for counting white-tailed deer. Wildlife Biology 17:431-440.
  • Ledee, O. E., W. H. Karasov, K. J. Martin, M. W. Meyer, C. A. Ribic, and T. R. Van Deelen. 2011. Envisioning the future of wildlife in a changing climate: collaborative learning for adaption planning. Wildlife Soceity Bulletin 35:508-513.
  • Walrath*, R., T. R. Van Deelen, and K. C. VerCauteren. 2011.  Efficacy of proximity loggers for detection of contacts between maternal pairs of white-tailed deer.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 35:452 – 460.
  • VerCauteren, K., C. Anderson, T. R. Van Deelen, D. Drake, B. Walter, S. Vantassel, and S. Hygnstrom. 2011Regulated commercial harvest to mange overabundant white-tailed deer: An idea to consider?  Wildlife Society Bulletin 35:185-194.
  • MacFarland*, D. M., and T. R. Van Deelen. 2011. Using simulations to explore the functional relationships of terrestrial carnivore population indices Ecological Modeling 222:2761-2769.
  • Kuemmerle, T., K. Perzanowski, H. R. Akcakaya, F. Beaudry, T. R. Van Deelen, I Parrnikoza, P. Khoyetskyy, D. M. Waller, and V. C. Radeloff. 2011. Cost-effectiveness of different conservation strategies to establish a European bison metapopulation in the Carpathians.   Journal of Applied Ecology 48:317-329.
  • Jacques, C. N., T. R. Van Deelen, W. H. Hall, Jr., K. J. Martin, and K. C. VerCauteren. 2011. Evaluating how hunters see and react to telemetry collars on white-tailed deer. Journal of Wildlife Management 75:221-231.
  • Van Deelen, T. R., B. J. Dhuey, C. N. Jacques, K. R. McCaffery, R. E. Rolley, and K. Warnke. 2010.  Effects of earn-a-buck and special antlerless-only seasons of Wisconsin’s deer harvests.  Journal of Wildlife Management 74:1693-1700.
  • Gosselink*, T.E., Piccolo, K.A., T.R. Van Deelen, R.E. Warner. 2010.  Natal dispersal and philopatry of red foxes in urban and rural agricultural areas of Illinois. Journal of Wildlife Management 74:1204-1217.
  • VerCauteren, K. C., T. R. Van Deelen, M. J. Lavelle, and W. Hall. 2010. Assessment of the abilities of white-tailed deer to jump fences.  Journal of Wildlife Management. 74: 1378-1381.
  • Malcolm*, K. D., and T. R. Van Deelen. 2010. Effects of habitat and harvest method on age structure of black bears harvested in Wisconsin. Ursus 21:14-22.
  • Piccolo*, B. P., T. R. Van Deelen, K. Hollis-Etter, D. R. Etter, R. E. Warner and C. Anchor. 2010. Behavior and survival of white-tailed deer neonates in suburban forest preserves.  Canadian Journal of Zoology 88:487-495.
  • Malcolm*, K. D., T. R. Van Deelen, D. Drake, D. J. Kessler, and K. C. VerCauteren. 2010. Contraceptive efficacy of a novel intrauterine device (IUD) in white-tailed deer. Animal Reproductive Sciences 117:261-265.
  • Walter, W. D., K. C. Vercauteren, H. Campa III, W. R. Clark, J. W. Fischer, S. E. Hygnstrom, N. E. Mathews, C. K. Nielson, E. M. Schauber, T. R. Van Deelen, and S. R. Winterstein. 2009The influence of landscape composition and connectivity on home-range size of white-tailed deer: a regional comparison. Landscape Ecology 24:1405-1420.
  • Stewart*, C. M., T. R. Van Deelen, and J. O. Dawson. 2008. Autumn herbivory by white-tailed deer and nutrient loss in planted seedlings.  American Midland Naturalist 160:342-349.
  • Malcolm* K. D., M. Gappa, B. Kohn, and T. R. Van Deelen. 2008. Consecutive Quintuplet Litters from a Black Bear (Ursus americanus) in Central Wisconsin.  American Midland Naturalist 160:250-252.
  • Thompson* A. K., M. D. Samuel, and T. R. Van Deelen. 2008. Alternative feeding strategies and potential disease transmission in white-tailed deer. Journal of Wildlife Management 72:416-421.
  • Jacques, C. N., W. E. Ishmael, T. R. Van Deelen, and R. E. Rolley. 2007. A late born white-tailed deer fawn in south central Wisconsin. Canadian Field-Naturalist 121:333-335.
  • Gosselink*, T. E., T. R. Van Deelen, R. E. Warner, and P. C. Mankin. 2007. Survival and cause-specific mortality of red foxes in agricultural and urban areas of Illinois. Journal of Wildlife Management 71:1862-1873.
  • Van Deelen, T. R., P. Kaiser, M.A. Watt, and S. R. Craven. 2007. Quintuplet fetuses from a white-tailed deer in Wisconsin. American Midland Naturalist 157: 398-400.
  • Van Deelen, T. R., and T. E. Gosselink. 2006. Survival of coyotes in a row-crop agriculture landscape. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 84:1630-1636.
  • Van Deelen, T. R., Dhuey, K. R. McCaffery, and R. E. Rolley. 2006. Relative effects of baiting and supplemental antlerless seasons on Wisconsin’s 2003 deer harvest.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 34:322-328.
  • Larkin, R. P., T. R. Van Deelen, R. M. Sabick, T. E. Gosselink, and R. E. Warner. 2003. Electronic signaling for prompt removal of an animal from a trap. Wildlife Society Bulletin 31:392-398.
  • Lavin*, S. R., T. R. Van Deelen, P. W. Brown, S. H. Ambrose, and R. E. Warner. 2003. Prey use of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in urban and rural areas of Illinois. Canadian Journal of Zoology 81:1070-1082.
  • D. O. Joly, C. A. Ribic, J. A. Langenberg, K. Beheler, C. A. Batha, B. J. Dhuey, R. E. Rolley, G. Bartelt, T. R. Van Deelen, and M. D. Samuel. 2003. Chronic wasting disease in free-ranging Wisconsin white-tailed deer. Emerging Infectious Diseases 5:599-601.
  • Van Deelen, T. R., and D. R. Etter. 2003. Effort and the functional response of deer hunters. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 8:97-109.
  • Gosselink*, T. E., T. R. Van Deelen, R. E. Warner, and M. J. Joselyn. 2003. Temporal habitat partitioning and spatial use of coyotes and red foxes in east-cental Illinois. Journal of Wildlife Management 67:90-103.
  • Van Deelen, T. R., J. D. Parrish, and E. J. Heske. 2002. A Nine-banded Armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus) from Central Illinois. Southwestern Naturalist: 47:489-491.
  • Etter*, D. E., K. M. Hollis, T. R. Van Deelen, D. R. Ludwig, J. E. Chelsvig, C. L. Anchor, and R. E. Warner. 2002. Survival and movements of white-tailed deer in suburban Chicago, Illinois. Journal of Wildlife Management, 55: 500-510.
  • Piccolo*, B. P., T. R. Van Deelen, D. R. Etter, K. M. Hollis, R. E. Warner, and C. Anchor. 2001. Variation of white-tailed deer home ranges in fragmented urban habitats around Chicago Illinois. Proceedings of the 9th eastern wildlife damage conference.
  • Etter*, D. R., T. R. Van Deelen, D. R. Ludwig, K. M. Hollis, J. E. Chelsvig, and R. E. Warner. 2001. Overabundant deer, better management through research. Proceedings of the 9th eastern wildlife damage conference.
  • Van Deelen, T. R., K. M. Hollis, C. Anchor, and D. R. Etter. 2000Sex affects age determination and wear of molariform teeth in white-tailed deer. Journal of Wildlife Management, 64:1076-1083.
  • Etter*, D. R., T. R. Van Deelen, D. R. Ludwig, S. N. Kobal, and R. E. Warner. 2001. Management of white-tailed deer in Chicago Illinois Forest Preserves. Proceedings of the 19th Vertebrate Pest Conference 19:190-196.
  • Van Deelen, T. R. 2000. Simulation modeling to evaluate the restoration of an elk population to Southern Illinois. Transactions of the Illinois Academy of Science 93:47-61.
  • Xie, J., H. R. Hill, S. R. Winterstein, H. Campa III, R. V. Doepker, T. R. Van Deelen, and J. Liu. 1999. The white-tailed deer management options model (DeerMOM): design, quantification, and application. Ecological Modeling 124:121-130.
  • Van Deelen, T. R. 1999Deer-cedar interactions during a period of mild winters: implications for conservation of conifer swamp deeryards in the Great Lakes region. Natural Areas Journal 19:263-274.
  • Seymour, D. L., and T. R. Van Deelen.1998. Unusual eye vibrissae on a White-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus and other pelage anomalies from upper Michigan. Canadian Field-Naturalist 112:343.
  • Van Deelen, T. R., H. Campa, J. B. Haufler, and M. Hamady. 1998. Migration and seasonal range dynamics of deer using adjacent deeryards in northern Michigan. Journal of Wildlife Management 62:205-213.
  • Van Deelen, T. R., L. B. McKinney, M. G. Joselyn, and J. B. Buhnerkempe. 1997. Can we restore elk to southern Illinois?: the use of existing digital land cover data to evaluate potential habitat. Wildlife Society Bulletin 25: 886-894.
  • Van Deelen, T. R., H. Campa III, J. B. Haufler, and P. D. Thompson. 1997. Mortality patterns of white-tailed deer in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. Journal of Wildlife Management 61: 903-910.
  • Van Deelen, T. R., H. Campa III, M. Hamady, and J. B. Haufler. 1996. Longevity in wild white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) does. Canadian Field-Naturalist. 110: 630-633.
  • Van Deelen, T. R., K. S. Pregitzer, and J. B. Haufler. 1996. A comparison of presettlement and present-day forests in two northern Michigan deeryards. American Midland Naturalist 135: 187-194.
  • Van Deelen, T. R., and D. H. Pletscher. 1996. Dispersal characteristics of two-year old beavers (Castor canadensis) in western Montana. Canadian Field-Naturalist. 110: 318-321.
  • Van Deelen, T. R. 1994. A field technique for aging live beavers (Castor canadensis)Canadian Field-Naturalist. 108:361-363.
+Book Chapters
  • Crooks, K. R., S. P. D. Riley, S. D. Gehrt, T. E. Gosselink, and T. R. Van Deelen. 2010. Community ecology of urban carnivores. Pages 185-196 in S. D. Gehrt, S. P. D. Riley, and B. L. Cypher (editors), Urban Carnivore Ecology, Conflict, and Conservation. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD.
  • Wydeven, A. P., R. L. Jurewicz, T. R. Van Deelen, J. Erb, J. H. Hammill, D. E. Beyer Jr., B. Roell, J. E. Wiedenhoeft, and D. A. Weitz. 2009. Gray wolf conservation in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Pages 69-93 in M. Musiani, L. Boitani, and P. Paquet (editors), A New Era for Wolves and People: Wolf Recovery, Human Attitudes, and Policy. University of Calgary Press, Calgary, Alberta.
  • Wydeven, A. P., J. E. Wiedenhoeft, R. N. Schultz, R. P. Thiel, R. L. Jurewicz, B. E. Kohn, and T. R. Van Deelen. 2009. History, population growth, and management of wolves in Wisconsin. Pages 87-105 in A. P. Wydeven, E. J. Heske, and T. R. Van Deelen (editors), Recovery of Wolves in the Great Lakes Region of the United States: An Endangered Species Success Story. Springer-Verlag.
  • Van Deelen, T. R. 2009. Growth characteristics of a recovering wolf population in the Great Lakes region. Pages 139-153  in A. P. Wydeven, E. J. Heske, and T. R. Van Deelen (editors), Recovery of Wolves in the Great Lakes Region of the United States: An Endangered Species Success Story. Springer-Verlag.
  • Wydeven, A. P., T. R. Van Deelen, and E. J. Heske. 2009. Wolf recovery in the Great Lakes region: What have we learned and where will we go now? Pages 331-337 in A. P. Wydeven, E. J. Heske, and T. R. Van Deelen (editors), Recovery of Wolves in the Great Lakes Region of the United States: An Endangered Species Success Story. Springer-Verlag.
  • Craven, S. R., and T. R. Van Deelen. 2008. Large mammals as both a cause and reflection of ecological change.  Pages 273-286 in D. M. Waller and T. P. Rooney (editors), The Vanishing Present: Wisconson’s Changing Lands, Waters, and Wildlife. University of Chicago Press.